Artistic and General Director — Alexander Dmitriev
The orchestra was formed in 1931 by Leningrad Radio. During the war years it was the only symphonic ensemble inside the Leningrad blockade.
Igor Stravinsky, Benjamin Britten, and Dmitri Shostakovich have had their compositions performed by the orchestra. In 1968 Yuri Temirkanov became leader of the group. Since 1977 the orchestra has been headed by Alexander Dmitriev. The ensemble regularly appears on tour, collaborates with outstanding musicians, and frequently presents previously unheard works by both foreign and Russian composers.